What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a common condition in which the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood is too high. Glucose comes from the digestion of starchy or sugary food and is normally controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by your pancreas.

If Insulin is missing or is not being used by your body effectively, glucose absorbed from food cannot be used as an energy source. Its concentration then increases in your blood. Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Tiredness
  • Weight loss
  • Excessive thirst and frequent urination

Causes of Diabetes

The cause of diabetes are not yet completely known.

Diabetes can occur as a consequence of factors such as viruses and diet.

As well as your body not producing enough insulin,in many cases, especially in overweight people, the cells in your body can become resistant to the action of insulin.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes mainly occurs in children and teenagers. It usually starts more quickly with very obvious symptoms. Type 1 diabetes represents 10-15% of all diabetes. With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin and therefore it is necessary to inject it in order to survive. Regular testing of blood glucose is often required.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 is the most frequent form of diabetes representing around 85% of all cases. It starts gradually with less obvious symptoms and it can often go unnoticed for some time.Type 2 diabetes often occurs in overweight people and there may be no weight loss when the disease occurs. In early stages of the disease it may be possible to treat it with an appropriate diet and life style changes.

Blood Glucose Monitoring

Monitoring your blood glucose levels provides you with the information about the effects of food, medication and activity. Glucose levels can change throughout the day and night and depending on how you treat your diabetes it might be appropriate to test at certain times as agreed with your healthcare professional. It also enables you to detect hypoglycaemia and monitor your control during illness.

The aim is to maintain blood glucose levels within agreed targets from your healthcare professional, to reduce the risk of the short and long-term complications of diabetes.

The GlucoMen LX PLUS meter requires no coding for blood glucose or blood ketone testing.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) and Blood Ketone Testing

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous and potentially life threatening condition with thousands of preventable cases each year. DKA happens when there is persistently high glucose in the blood and a lack of insulin.

If you have high blood glucose results (above 13.9 mmol/L) or are ill, testing for ketones should be considered to avoid the possibility of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). When you test for blood ketones using a GlucoMen LX PLUS it is important to understand what the blood ketone result means.

With the portable GlucoMen® LX PLUS meter, you can check blood ketones levels anywhere, at home, at school and at work.

Download Diabetes and its Symptoms

Download DKA Information


The content of this site is for informational purposes only. Images and other information are not to be used as reasons to change any health, dietary, exercise, or medical regimen. Always seek advice from your health care professional before making any changes to medications, diet, or exercise regimens. All information contained on this page has been approved by a Consultant Diabetologist.

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